accounting oil and gas

The situation differs by reservoir, but let’s say that it’s only feasible to extract half of what’s in a reservoir at the current market price. But then if prices go up, it becomes cost-effective to use more expensive techniques, like injecting steam into the ground. So as the price goes up, a larger proportion of the reservoir becomes available – maybe that brings you to 60% that can be extracted.

And then you deduct this production from their reserves… and (hopefully) replace it with sufficient CapEx spending, linking the dollar amount of that spending to a specific amount of reserves. We will also touch on diversified, or integrated major, companies, such as Exxon Mobil since you can learn a lot about other segments by analyzing them. The obvious example is mining, where there’s a lot of overlap, but almost anything that depends on commodity prices is similar. Consider removing one of your current favorites in order to to add a new one. These materials were downloaded from PwC’s Viewpoint ( under license.


While the Petroleum Accountant needs the basic concepts and understanding of all accounting matters, the petroleum industry operates under unique guidelines and principles. In preparing for and earning the APA® credential, the accountant will be exposed to all facets of the petroleum oil and gas accounting industry and achieve or exceed the knowledge required for competent practice as a petroleum accountant. As oil and gas companies continue to look to operate on lower margins and lower carbon emissions, they will need exceptional operational practices and technology (Forbes, 2021).

Stay current in a demanding and competitive market with online and in-person courses that inform, challenge and inspire. We quantify your current analytical maturity, data ROI and create a roadmap to exponentially amplify its value with our cross-vertical expertise. Robinhood is an intuitive stock trading and investing app that offers zero-commission trades on thousands of investments.

Data Engineering

Before you begin projecting an energy company’s financial statements, you need to know something about the units used. If your company is on the lookout for high-quality oil and gas accountants, talk to EAG Inc.. We offer a host of helpful back-office administrative services designed to help you drive your business forward. We believe the oil and gas industry is at the beginning of the back-office technological revolution. Over the next decade, companies will see a fundamental transformation of how they can eliminate waste, streamline accounting, and automate daily tasks, as well as reduce overall G&A.

  • Global Carbon Accounting Software Market research report provides facts and figures regarding manufacturer, type such as [Cloud-Based, On-Premise] application [Telecommunication, Oil and Gas, Technology, Power and Utilities], and region.
  • When you project a natural resource company’s statements, you begin by projecting its production by segment based on its reserves and its historical patterns.
  • The results of that study resulted in the development of a single certification exam (effective January 1, 2016) covering five content domains that were determined to be essential for competent practice as a petroleum accountant.
  • Reuters provides business, financial, national and international news to professionals via desktop terminals, the world’s media organizations, industry events and directly to consumers.
  • EY refers to the global organization, and may refer to one or more, of the member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity.
  • The more you can think outside the box to challenge the status quo, the more efficiencies you’ll gain in the long term.

In the United States, Deloitte refers to one or more of the US member firms of DTTL, their related entities that operate using the „Deloitte“ name in the United States and their respective affiliates. Certain services may not be available to attest clients under the rules and regulations of public accounting. ​This annual publication provides an update on accounting, tax, and regulatory matters relevant to the oil and gas industry. The update discusses matters critical to oil and gas entities, including updates to SEC, FASB, and tax guidance with a specialized focus on the oil and gas industry. However, when there are no new reserves added, each company’s CFO will be the same.

Energy: Delivering value up and down stream

The financial results of a manufacturing company are impacted by depreciation expense for plant, property, and equipment. Companies record exploration costs capitalized under either method on the balance sheet as part of their long-term assets. This is because, like the machinery used by a manufacturing company, oil and natural gas reserves are considered productive assets for an oil and gas company. Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) require that companies charge costs to acquire those assets against revenues as they use the assets. Course DescriptionOil and gas operations have some of the most unique accounting issues found in any industry. Oil & Gas Accounting delves into acquisition, exploration, development, and production activities, covering many industry-specific accounting issues.

ETFs offer you access to several different assets all at once while also diversifying your portfolio. With such high demand and a physically limited supply, oil becomes a hot commodity. Since oil is not a renewable resource, we’ll eventually get to the point where our supply greatly reduces while the demand increases.

Private Companies

We perform state reporting for Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and other states and subcontract complex state reporting needs, as required. We file electronically, ensuring all filing and payments are made on time and severance and production taxes correlate to production reporting and revenue distribution. When a reservoir is first discovered, there’s a certain amount of oil and gas in there, but not all of it is recoverable.